The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) was first established on the date of 1st October, 1926. The Government found the need for setting up an autonomous body for the recruiting candidates in the Civil Services and also safeguarding the interests of the Civil Services. This made an initiation for forming a Self – Governing Body named as the Union Public Service Commission on 26th of January, 1950. Since the entity was set up, it has been recruiting lakhs of Candidates over the years. The Candidates who are selected for the Services will have a Bright Future. Many Intellectual Brains of the Country have worked in the Civil Services. This shows the importance of the IAS Examinations. The Details of the UPSC Notification, the Brief view on the Eligibility Criteria are given below.

Details about the UPSC Civil Services Examination:

Official Website
Name of the Organization Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
Location of the Job Across India.

Eligibility Criteria:

Educational Qualification: The Candidates must have possessed a Graduation Degree in any field.

Age Criteria: The Age of the Candidates should be in between 21 years and 32 Years. The upper age limit prescribed above is relaxed:

1.A Up to a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste (SC) or a Scheduled Tribe (ST).

1.B Up to a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes (OBC) who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates

Selection Method: The Selection process include a Preliminary Exam, Mains Exam and a Personality test or an Interview.

Number of Attempts: A maximum of 6 attempts is permitted to every candidate and 9 to those belonging to Other Backward Classes. There is no restriction on the number of attempts in the case of SC/ST candidates. All this, provided you are still under the age limit....

Following are the services which one gets on qualifying the Civil Service Examination:

All India Services

✓  Indian Administrative Service
  Indian Police Service

Group A Services

✓ Indian Audit and Accounts Service ✓ Indian Civil Accounts Service
✓ Indian Corporate Law Service ✓ Indian Defence Accounts Service
✓ Indian Defence Estates Service ✓ Indian Foreign Service
✓ Indian Information Service ✓ Indian Ordnance Factories Service
✓ Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service ✓ Indian Postal Service
✓ Indian Railway Accounts Service ✓ Indian Railway Personnel Service
✓ Indian Railway Traffic Service ✓ Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax)
✓ Indian Revenue Service (CBEC) ✓ Indian Trade Service
✓ Railway Protection Force

Group B Services

  Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service ✓   Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service
✓ Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service ✓   Pondicherry Civil Service
✓ Pondicherry Police Service
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UPSC IAS syllabus & Exam Pattern

After applying for the IAS Examinations, the candidates should make sure that they prepare well for the Examinations to get Qualified. The Main concentration must be on the Time Management as well as the analysing the Questioning Pattern. The Students have to understand the importance of knowing the Topics in the UPSC IAS Syllabus. The Students should also know the Exam Pattern, negative Marking, etc ...

The Syllabus for the IAS Civil Services UPSC Prelims Examination or CSAT Exam: 

  1. Topics in Paper I : General Studies (200 Marks)                                                                              
  2. Current Events of National & International Importance.
  3. Geography of India as well as the World: Physical, Economic and Social Aspects.
  4. Polity & Governance of India: Constitution and the Political aspects.
  5. General Science.
  6. The General Issues on Environmental Ecology, Climate Change and Bio Diversity.
  7. Economic & Social Development : Demography, Sustainable Development, Inclusion, Social Sector Initiatives, Poverty, etc..,
  8. Indian History & Indian National Movement.
  1. Topics in Paper II : General Ability or Aptitude (200 Marks)
  2. Comprehension.
  3. Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability.
  4. General Mental Ability.
  5. Comprehension Skills English language ( 10th Standard Level).
  6. Interpersonal Skills including Communication Skills.
  7. Decision Making & Problem Solving.
  8. Basic Numeracy (Orders of Magnitude, Numbers & their Relations, etc.., of 10th Standard Level), Data Interpretation such as Charts, Tables, Graphs, Data Sufficiency, etc.., (10th Level).
  9. Question based on the English Language Comprehension Skills (10th Standard Level). (The Candidates will be tested through giving questions on the Passages without providing hindi translation for those Questions).


S.No. Name of the Paper. Name of the Subject. No.of Questions to be asked. Marks. Duration of the Exam.
1. Paper – I. General Studies. 100 Questions. 200 Marks. 2 Hours.
2. Paper – II. General Ability or Aptitude. 80 Questions. 200 Marks. 2 Hours.

The Syllabus for the UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination:

The Exam contains 9 Papers out of which 2 Papers are in the nature of Qualifying nature while the other 7 are based on merit Ranking as described below.

S. No. Name of the Paper. Name of the Subject. Nature of the Paper. Duration of the Exam. Marks.
1. Paper – A. Indian Language. Qualifying Nature. 3 Hours. 300 Marks.
2. Paper – B. English Language. 3 Hours. 300 Marks.
3. Paper – I. Essay. Merit Ranking Nature. 3 Hours. 250 Marks.
4. Paper – II. General Studies – I. 3 Hours. 250 Marks.
5. Paper – III. General Studies – II. 3 Hours. 250 Marks.
6. Paper – IV. General Studies – III. 3 Hours. 250 Marks.
7. Paper – V. General Studies – V. 3 Hours. 250 Marks.
8. Paper – VI. Optional Subject (Paper – I). 3 Hours. 250 Marks.
9. Paper – VII. Optional Subject (Paper – II). 3 Hours. 250 Marks.
Total. 1,750 Marks.


The Main examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and the depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory. The nature of the papers( General Studies II to V) will be such that a well educated person will be able to answer them without any specialised study. The questions are likely to test the candidates basic understanding of all relevant issues and ability to analyze and take a view on conflicting socio – economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant , meaningful and succinct answers

Topics in Paper I : Indian Language

The Indian Languages according to the IAS Civil Services UPSC Mains signifies the Languages which are present in the 8th Schedule to the Indian Constitution. The Script to be used by the Candidates will be based on the Language he or she selects for the Paper A of Indian Languages. The Paper A (Indian Language) in the UPSC IAS Mains is not compulsory for the Candidates who belong to the North Eastern States such as Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Assam, Tripura.

Topics in Indian Language (Paper – I):

  1. Comprehensive Type of Questions related to the Given Passage.
  2. Short Essay.
  3. Vocabulary & Usage.
  4. Precise Writing (in other words, making a summary).
  5. Translation from English to the Selected Indian Language and Vice Versa.

The List of the Languages as well as the Scripts to be used for the respective Languages are given below here.

Topics in Paper II: English

  1. Comprehensive Type of Questions related to the Given Passage.
  2. Short Essay.
  3. Vocabulary & Usage.
  4. Precise Writing (in other words, making a summary).

Topics in Paper III: Essay

The Candidates are given some Topics. They have to Write 2 Essays on those Given Topics in Brief. They Should not Deviate from the Given Topics. The Essay can be Written in the Language selected by the Candidates ....

Topics in Paper IV: GENERAL STUDIES 1

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

✓ The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors or contributions from different parts of the country.

  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

 History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. - their forms and effect on the society.

  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

✓ Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

✓ Effects of globalization on Indian society.

✓ Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

✓ Salient features of world's physical geography.

✓ Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location - changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Topics in Paper V: GENERAL STUDIES 2

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

✓ Structure, Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels & challenges therein.

✓  Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

✓ Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

✓ Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

✓ Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

  Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.

✓ Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies

✓ Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

✓ Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

✓ Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

✓ Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

✓ Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

✓  Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

✓ Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e

✓ Role of civil services in a democracy.

✓ India and its neighborhood- relations.

✓  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests.

✓ Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.

✓ Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.


Topics in Paper VI: GENERAL STUDIES 3

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

✓ Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

  Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  Government Budgeting.

✓ Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

✓ Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

✓ Land reforms in India.

✓ Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

✓ Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.

✓  Investment models.

✓ Science and Technology - developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

✓ Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

✓  Disaster and disaster management.

✓ Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

✓ Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

✓ Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; moneylaundering and its prevention.

✓  Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

   Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate. ..

Topics in Paper VII: GENERAL STUDIES 4

(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

✓ Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

✓  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

✓ Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.

✓ Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

✓ Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

✓ Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

✓ Case Studies on above issues.

Interview Panel may ask you on How you are going to react and what measures you are going to take when a Natural Disaster Occurs in Your District if you are an IAS Officer or Collector of that District.

You should be Confident & Honest of what you are saying.Mainly, the Personality Test will be on the aspects of Logical and Reasoning than the Subject Knowledge. There will be Questions asked about You, Your Hobbies, Your Home Town, the Current Affairs, General Knowledge, Politics, Economics, Situation Questions, etc.., The Main factors which are considered in the Personality Test are as follows.

  1. Mental Alertness.
  2. Specificness & Depth of Interests.
  3. Leadership Skills.
  4. Social Traits.
  5. Balance of Judgement.
  6. Ability of Social Cohesion.
  7. Intellectual & Moral Integrity.
Interview or Personality Test. 275 Marks.



✓  The Indian Languages pertain to the Languages which are mentioned in the 8th Schedule to the Indian Constitution.

✓ The Candidates who are qualified in the Mains as well as the Interview or the Personality Test will be Selected on the Basis of Merit Ranking on the Marks they have attained in the UPSC IAS Mains as well as Interview